How to Build Bird Houses: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

Are you looking for a fun and rewarding project to do with your family? Building bird houses is a great way to get kids involved in nature and learn about the importance of providing shelter for wildlife. It’s also a relatively inexpensive project that can be completed in a few hours. In this article, we’ll provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to build bird houses, as well as some tips on choosing the right location and attracting birds to your yard. So grab your tools and let’s get started!

How to Build Bird Houses: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners
How to Build Bird Houses: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

I. Materials Required for Building Birdhouses


The most important material for building birdhouses is wood. You can use any type of wood, but cedar is a good choice because it is rot-resistant and durable.

  • 1×6 cedar boards
  • 1×4 cedar boards
  • 1×2 cedar boards
  • 3/4-inch plywood
  • 1/2-inch plywood

Go to How to Build a Bird House

Screws and Nails

You will also need screws and nails to assemble the birdhouse. Use galvanized or stainless steel screws and nails to prevent rust. You may also want to use wood glue to help hold the birdhouse together.

Type Length Size
Screws 1 1/2 inches #8
Nails 1 1/4 inches #7

Go to Useful Tools Required for Building Birdhouses

Other Materials

In addition to wood, screws, and nails, you will also need a few other materials to build a birdhouse. These include:

  • A drill
  • A saw
  • A hammer
  • A measuring tape
  • A pencil

Go to How to Draw a Birdhouse

II. Steps Involved in Assembling the Birdhouse

Attaching the Front Panel

Once the sides and back panel are assembled, it’s time to attach the front panel. The front panel should have a hole cut out for the entrance, and it should be slightly smaller than the other panels so that it fits snugly inside the frame. To attach the front panel, apply a bead of wood glue to the edges of the frame, and then press the front panel into place. Use a few nails or screws to secure the front panel, and then allow the glue to dry completely.

Installing the Roof

The roof of the birdhouse can be made from a variety of materials, such as wood, metal, or plastic. The roof should be sloped so that water can drain off easily, and it should be large enough to cover the entire birdhouse. To install the roof, place it on top of the birdhouse and secure it with a few nails or screws. Make sure that the roof is level and that it extends beyond the edges of the birdhouse by about 1 inch on all sides.

Adding the Finishing Touches

Once the roof is installed, you can add the finishing touches to your birdhouse. This may include painting or staining the birdhouse, adding a perch for the birds to sit on, or decorating the birdhouse with other items. Once you’re finished, your birdhouse is ready to be hung in a tree or other location where birds can enjoy it.

Company Contact Country
Alfreds Futterkiste Maria Anders Germany

Steps Involved in Assembling the Birdhouse
Steps Involved in Assembling the Birdhouse

III. Designing the Entrance Hole and Ventilation

Entrance Hole Size

The size of the entrance hole is important because it determines which birds will be able to use the house. Smaller birds, such as chickadees and wrens, need a smaller entrance hole, while larger birds, such as bluebirds and woodpeckers, need a larger entrance hole. A good rule of thumb is to make the entrance hole about 1 1/2 inches in diameter for smaller birds and 2 inches in diameter for larger birds.

Entrance Hole Placement

The entrance hole should be placed near the top of the house, about 6 inches from the bottom. This will help to keep predators out of the house and make it easier for birds to enter and exit.


Ventilation is important to prevent the house from getting too hot or humid inside. You can provide ventilation by drilling small holes in the sides of the house, near the top. The holes should be about 1/4 inch in diameter and spaced about 6 inches apart.

Bird Species Entrance Hole Diameter
Chickadee 1 1/2 inches
Wren 1 1/2 inches
Bluebird 2 inches
Woodpecker 2 inches

Designing the Entrance Hole and Ventilation
Designing the Entrance Hole and Ventilation

IV. Decorating and Finishing the Birdhouse

Once you’re satisfied with the structure of your birdhouse, it’s time to let your creativity shine through with decorating and finishing touches.

Choosing the Right Paint for Your Birdhouse

When choosing paint for your birdhouse, opt for bird-safe, exterior-grade paint to withstand the elements. Avoid using oil-based paints, as they can be harmful to birds.

Pros Cons
Acrylic Paint Water-based, non-toxic, short drying time, easy clean-up May require multiple coats for full coverage
Latex Paint Durable, resistant to fading, weather-resistant Requires proper ventilation while painting, longer drying time

Consider using stencils or freehand painting to add decorative elements to your birdhouse.

Decorating and Finishing the Birdhouse
Decorating and Finishing the Birdhouse

V. Installing and Maintaining the Birdhouse

Once your birdhouse is complete, it’s time to find the perfect spot in your yard to hang it. Choose a location that is sheltered from the wind and rain, but still offers a clear view of the surroundings. The ideal height for a birdhouse is between 5 and 8 feet off the ground. This will provide a safe haven for the birds while still being accessible for cleaning and maintenance.

Proper Installation

Hanging Method Description Pros Cons
Wire Hanger A simple wire hanger can be easily attached to the back of the birdhouse and hung from a tree branch or hook. Inexpensive and easy to install Can swing in the wind, making it less stable
Post Mount A post mount is a more permanent solution that involves attaching the birdhouse to a wooden post. Very stable and secure Requires more effort to install
Tree Mounting If you have a sturdy tree in your yard, you can screw the birdhouse directly to the trunk or a large branch. Provides a natural and secluded setting May damage the tree if not done carefully

Regular Maintenance

To ensure that your birdhouse remains a welcoming home for its feathered inhabitants, regular maintenance is essential. Here are some tips to keep it in top condition:

  • Clean the birdhouse regularly to remove any nesting materials, droppings, or debris.
  • Inspect the birdhouse for any damage or wear and tear, and make repairs as needed.
  • Relocate the birdhouse to a new location if it becomes too exposed to the elements.
  • Consider adding a predator guard to protect the birds from cats, squirrels, and other animals.

By following these tips, you can create a safe and inviting home for your backyard birds to enjoy and raise their young. So what are you waiting for? Start building today and bring the beauty and joy of nature into your own backyard!

If you’re looking for more bird-related content, check out our related articles:
How to Attract Birds to Your Garden
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Installing and Maintaining the Birdhouse
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